Protein disorder reduced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to survive heat shock.

TitleProtein disorder reduced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to survive heat shock.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsVicedo, E, Gasik, Z, Dong, Y-A, Goldberg, T, Rost, B
Date Published2015

Recent experiments established that a culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) survives sudden high temperatures by specifically duplicating the entire chromosome III and two chromosomal fragments (from IV and XII). Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are not significantly over-abundant in the duplication. In contrast, we suggest a simple algorithm to " postdict " the experimental results: Find a small enough chromosome with minimal protein disorder and duplicate this region. This algorithm largely explains all observed duplications. In particular, all regions duplicated in the experiment reduced the overall content of protein disorder. The differential analysis of the functional makeup of the duplication remained inconclusive. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment suggested over-representation in processes related to reproduction and nutrient uptake. Analyzing the protein-protein interaction network (PPI) revealed that few network-central proteins were duplicated. The predictive hypothesis hinges upon the concept of reducing proteins with long regions of disorder in order to become less sensitive to heat shock attack.

Alternate JournalF1000Res
PubMed ID26673203
PubMed Central IDPMC4670006